Australian Traditional Hardwood Flooring

If you are in the market for new flooring, one of the more popular choices today is hardwood tongue and groove flooring. Before choosing a hardwood flooring, it’s important to note the difference between hardwood and softwood. Many may assume that “hard” and “soft” are referring to the strength of the wood, however, the terms are, instead, referring to their botanical roots. Hardwoods are produced from broad-leafed trees with seeds (think fruits and nuts), whereas softwoods come from trees that have more needle-like leaves. In most cases hardwoods are stronger than softwoods due to the higher density, however, that is not always the case. For example, cypress is a very strong softwood, while balsa is a weaker hardwood in comparison.

The natural durability of hardwoods makes them perfect for interior flooring and stairs. Another plus to hardwood flooring is that, due to their above-ground life, they are easily recyclable. Popular hardwood species like jarrah, blackwood and red gum are prized for recycled flooring, paneling and furniture.

Australia has a vast resource in its native hardwoods. They produce some of the most durable and attractive timbers in the world. Australian native hardwoods are sourced mostly from managed forests but some of their product does come from plantations and the farm forestry.

One of the most popular applications for hardwood flooring is the tongue and groove method. Tongue and groove is the method of fitting the flooring planks together, edge to edge. Tongue and groove joints allow two flat pieces to be joined strongly together to make a single flat surface. Each piece of flooring has a slot (the groove) cut along one edge and a thin, deep ridge (the tongue) on the opposite edge. The tongue projects a little less than the depth of the groove so that the pieces fit together closely. The joint is normally glued so that, during shrinkage, the tongue does not pull off. This method is used widely in higher-quality wood flooring like those found in the traditional Australian hardwood line.

Traditional Australian Hardwood Tongue & Groove Flooring is renowned for its beauty, warmth and sustainability. There are many varieties of hardwood flooring available and the choices can be overwhelming. It is best to see the options available during a personal visit to a timber wholesaler, like Carroll’s Wholesale Timber. A facility such as CWT that specializes in the timber industry can best display the pros and cons of each type of hardwood flooring available. Every situation is different, and professional experts like those at CWT, are able to recommend the perfect line of Traditional Australian Hardwood Tongue & Groove Flooring that will best fit your individual needs.

Carrolls Flooring Product Information

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Carrolls Flooring Products

Beautifully coloured, resilient and perfectly suited for tongue and groove flooring, Tasmanian Oak is the #1 preferred hardwood also used to construct furniture, scantlings, cabinetry and panelled walls. Harvested from PEFC-certified, sustainable hardwoods from the temperate, north western forests of found in the state, Tasmanian Oak is a favourite among building designers and architects desiring an elegantly modern, distinctly crisp appearance to enhance their projects.


Tasmanian Oak is a collective name describing three, nearly identical categories of eucalypt hardwoods–Alpine ash, Mountain ash and Messmate. Early timbers workers thought these eucalypts demonstrated the same strength and durability as the English Oak and decided to call these particular species of hardwoods Tasmanian Oak.

Tasmanian oak comes from managed forests where trees are grown according to sustainable development principles as part of an overall sustainable forest management system. The meaning of sustainable forest management, as defined by the Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe, involves the “use and stewardship of forests…that sustains their biodiversity…regeneration capacity…and potential to fulfill relevant economic, social and ecological functions at global, national and local levels.”


Janka hardness is the number ascribed to a wood that reveals how much pounds-force (lbf) it takes to to imbed a 11.28 mm diameter steel ball into the wood until only half the ball is visible. The janka hardness of Tasmanian oak is 1350, or 35% harder than teak wood. Janka hardness ratings are commonly used in determining whether a type of wood is applicable for use as flooring.


  • Easily stained and polished
  • Resists traffic wear, denting and other damage common to other wood floors
  • Exhibits a light colouring, from tan to straw brown to a muted reddish-brown interspersed with moderate shades of pink to cream
  • Presents an even open, straight grain complemented by visible growth rings
  • Highly resistant to splits when using nails or screws
  • Lustrous, smooth surface when working with the grain. Drilled holes are “to size” and very clean
  • One of the most long-lasting, sustainable woods available–remains fresh-looking and beautifully shaded for years


Tasmanian oak is the perfect choice for tongue and groove flooring, a technique of laying flooring that involves affixing two panels of Tasmanian oak together, with one side of each panel grooved and the other side having a projection, or “tongue”. By interlocking panels using the groove and tongue system, the panels remain securely in place. Decorative moldings are then usually attached where the walls meet a tongue and groove floor.

Find Tasmanian Oak for Your Next Project at Carrolls Wholesale Timber

Available in a wide range of sizes for building, floors, stairs and nearly all furniture types, sustainable Tasmanian oak is guaranteed to exceed your expectations in both style, aesthetics, ease of workability and strength.

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