ACQ Treatment

ACQ Treatment Process

alkaline copper quaternary (ACQ) is a wood preservative method recently adopted by countries such as Australia, Canada and the U.S where the need for an alternative to chromated copper arsenate exists. Composed of a quaternary ammonium compound, a fungicide, a bactericide and copper, ACQ makes treated wood resistant to all forms of biological attack, including insects and natural decay.

Benefits of ACQ Treatment

  • Suitable for use in environmentally sensitive regions
  • Offers long-term protection against fungal rot, damage due to high moisture conditions and destruction by wood-boring organisms
  • Gradually weathers to a rich, honey colour
  • Can be easily stained or painted
  • Industry-recognised QA systems ensure quality control of ACQ application at timber treatment plants
  • Treated wood scraps can be safely thrown into typical rubbish collections
  • Specially suited for use on retaining walls, outdoor chairs and tables, walkways, gazebos, decking, benches, landscaping and domestic and agricultural fencing

Environmentally Safe and Effective as a Wood Preservative

For those who are concerned about other treatments, ACQ and its primary ingredient copper does not pose any kind of risk to the environment or to humans. Copper in ACQ is combined with “quat”, or a quaternary compound co-biocide that dramatically improves treated woods’ resistance against copper-tolerant insects and fungi. “Quats” are also found in many “green” household cleaners and disinfectants.

ACQ Treated Wood and Metal Fasteners

Wood that has been treated with ACQ will expedite corrosion and degradation of metal fasteners relative to wood that is not treated with ACQ. Consequently, other types of steel fasteners must be incorporated with ACQ treated wood, such as stainless steel, copper or hot-dipped galvanized steel fasteners.

Other Timber products

Learn about CCA treated timber

CCA TREATMENT: WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW

The Correct Use of CCA Treated information

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We stock and sell CCA treated timbers and they have been used for over 70 Years in Australia and around the world.

All of our CCA products are genine Koppers products and they provide us all the information you would need to use this product safely.

The information has been taken directly from the Koppers Website to help you understand the product and where it should be used.

For more detailed information, a brochure or the Koppers website, click on the links

Koppers Home Page

Koppers CCA Information

1.1 WHERE IS IT SAFE TO USE CCA?

The APVMA are satisfied that CCA is still an effective and safe option for all other applications. Koppers logs are safe to use in the following applications:-

  • Retaining walls
  • Garden beds / planter boxes
  • Pergola posts
  • Bollards & car park barriers
  • Domestic fence posts, railings & palings
  • Piling
  • Viticultural posts
  • House stumps
  • Farm fencing
  • Utility poles
  • Building poles
  • Decking support posts…and many more

1.2 IS ARSENIC IN TREATED TIMBER A HEALTH RISK?

The APVMA confirms in its report that exposure to arsenic from treated timber is lower than that from many sources found in water and food. Arsenic also occurs naturally in all soils. Arsenic is the twentieth most common element in the earth’s crust and is present in very small quantities in almost everything we eat and drink. The APVMA has calculated that our normal, daily dietary intake of arsenic is 4.5 times more than expected exposure through contact with CCA-treated timber surfaces. Even when these two possible sources of arsenic are added together, the total is three times less than the daily allowable amounts set by the World Health Organisation.

1.3 DO EXISTING CCA TREATED WOOD STRUCTURE NEED TO BE REMOVED?

Regulatory government bodies are not requiring a removal or dismantling of existing structures. It is, however, recommended that householders apply a sealant or penetrating surface coating to existing CCA treated structures that have frequent human contact.

1.4 WHAT ARE THE RECOMMENDED SAFETY HANDLING PRECAUTIONS?

The following health and safety practices are recommended for both treated and untreated timber:-

  • Do not allow wood dust to accumulate and keep work area clean.
  • Wear a filter mask and eye protection to avoid inhalation of sawdust.
  • Wear gloves when handling the material.

– DO NOT BURN TREATED TIMBER –

1.5 HOW DO I DISPOSE OF OFF-CUTS AND WASTE?

CCA treated timber is not a hazardous waste. Trade and domestic users should dispose of off-cuts and redundant pieces through normal waste collection services.

Disposal: Domestic users should dispose of off-cuts and redundant pieces through normal waste collection services. Trade or industrial manufacturers generating larger volumes of treated wood waste may require approval from their local waste services authority or council. Do not use for composting or mulching. Do not burn as a means of disposal.

2. SAFE HANDLING OF TREATED TIMBER

CONSUMER & SAFETY INFORMATION

Koppers treated wood products are protected against decay and termites by impregnation with Australian Pesticides & Veterinary Medicines Authority approved wood preservatives. Treated wood is safe to use providing that common sense precautions and handling guidelines are followed. This information is provided in the interest of consumer safety and for appropriate use of the product.

  • Only use Koppers treated wood that is clean, dry and free of surface residues.
  • Avoid inhaling wood dust and wear a filter mask while power sawing, machining, sanding or any operation where wood dust is generated.
  • Protect the eyes while using power tools or any work where small particles may be ejected.
  • Wear gloves when handling the material, and wash hands after work and before eating, drinking or smoking.
  • Brush or wash sawdust off skin or clothes.
  • Keep the work area clean. Do not allow wood dust to accumulate. Wherever possible, recover sawdust, shavings and off-cuts for proper disposal.
  • Wash wood dust contaminated work clothing and safety equipment before reuse.
  • DO NOT BURN off-cuts or waste pieces. Burning may produce toxic fumes and residues.

GET THE BEST RESULTS FROM OUTDOOR TREATED WOOD PROJECTS

Koppers treated wood products are durable and versatile building materials. The following tips will help you get the best results with your treated wood project.

  • Make sure that the timber is treated to the corrrect hazard level for your application. The most common situations are:
    • H3 for above ground such as decking and pergolas
    • H4 for ground contact such as landscaping and fence posts
    • H5 for structural application in ground contact such as house poles, engineered retaining walls, or for timber that will be in permanent fresh water contact.
  • All end cuts, rebates, drill holes and notches should be resealed with an approved timber protective.
  • It is strongly recommended that all dimensioned (sawn) timber products in outdoor situations are painted, stained or sealed for best performance and prevention of discolouration, mould and dimensional distortion.
  • Use hot dipped galvanised steel, stainless steel or other metal fasteners of high corrosion resistance for all exterior timber applications.

You will never regret the small additional cost of taking these steps when you appreciate the long term benefits of durable outdoor structures using Koppers treated timber.